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Wire Fox Terrier Dog

Wire Fox Terrier in grass[1]

Wire Fox Terrier Dog

  • Wire Fox Terrier have a lot of history behind them. They’ve been companions to kings, entertained the masses in circuses and film, and won more Best-in-Show awards at the Westminster Kennel Club show than any other breed.When fox hunting became popular in England in the late 18th century, hunters quickly discovered that they needed a dog that could “go to ground” (enter foxes’ dens) and “bolt” the foxes to drive them out of their hiding places. And so the Smooth Fox Terrier was developed.

    While breeders didn’t keep many records about the development of the breed, it’s likely that the original Smooth Fox Terriers were a blend of black and tan terriers with smooth coats, Bull Terriers, Greyhounds, and Beagles. In 1790, a Colonel Thornton had a portrait painted of his dog Pitch, a Smooth Fox Terrier, which gives us an idea of what the early dogs looked like. They’ve changed little since then. Well-known Smooths of the 19th century who contributed to the breed’s development were Old Jock, born in 1859 at Grove Kennel in England, and Belgrave Joe. By the late 19th century, uniform type had been established.

    For many years, Smooths and Wires were considered one breed of two varieties. Their main difference is coat type and, to some extent, head shape. Despite their similarities in size, shape and temperament, they likely had different ancestry. Wires are thought to have descended from rough-coated black and tan terriers from Wales, Derbyshire, and Durham. Early breeders liberally crossed Wire Fox Terriers with Smooths to give the Wires more white pigmentation, a cleaner-cut head, and a more classical outline. This interbreeding no longer continues, however, and has not for many years.

    Smooth Fox Terriers entered the show ring about 15 to 20 years before Wire Fox Terriers, and at first they were classified with sporting dogs. England’s Fox Terrier Club was founded in 1876. The members drew up a breed standard that remained unchanged for decades, with the exception of reducing the weight of a male dog in show condition from 20 pounds to 18 pounds.

    For more information click here: Wire Fox Terrier

 

 

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Wire Fox Terrier Dog

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